«Agriculture or organic farming is the term often used for food production and animal and vegetable products that do not use synthetic chemicals or genetically modified foods, and generally adheres to the principles of sustainable agriculture. Its base is holistic and emphasizes soil. Its proponents believe that a healthy soil, maintained without the use of fertilizers and pesticides made by man, food has superior quality to conventional foods. In several countries, including the United States (NOP - National Organic Program), Japan (JAS - Japan Agricultural Standard), a (BioSuisse) European Union (EEC 2092/91), the (TO - Australian Organic Standard / ACO -- Australia Certified Organic) and Brazil (ProOrgânico - Program of Development of Organic Agriculture [→ IN007]), organic farming is defined by law and regulated by the government. Production system that excludes the use of fertilizers, pesticides products and growth regulators, is based on the use of animal manure, crop rotation, green manure, composting and biological control of pests and diseases. This system requires the maintenance of the structure and the depth of soil, without changing its properties through the use of chemicals and synthetics. The organic agriculture is directly related to sustainable development. "»
What is organic Agriculture?
«Organic farming is a holistic production system which promotes and improves the health of the agricultural ecosystem, to promote biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity. Favors the use of best management practices for farming, rather than the use of external inputs, given that production systems must be adapted to regional conditions. This is achieved where possible through the use of cultural, biological and mechanical at the expense of the use of synthetic materials. »
Codex Alimentarius Commission, FAO / WHO, 1999
ADVANTAGES OF THE CONSUMPTION OF PRODUCTS OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE
Grown in soil balanced by natural fertilizers, organic food are capable of better quality on the content of vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates and proteins, are able to satisfy thanks to the balance of their constituents.
The decline of biological diversity is one of the main environmental problems of today. The Organic Agriculture perpetuating the diversity of local seeds and varieties, refuse GMOs that endanger many varieties of high nutritional value and culture.
On land reclamation and organically fertilized, the plants grow healthy and develop in the best way, its true flavor, its true color and flavor, which can rediscover the real taste of food not originally processed.
Organic farming respects the balance of nature and contributes to a healthy ecosystem. The balance between agriculture and forest to crop rotations, etc.. allow the preservation of a rural area capable of meeting future generations.
Many pesticides banned in some countries due to its toxicity are still used, sometimes sold illegally and obtained by smuggling. Toxicological studies recognize the links between pesticides and certain diseases, including cancer, allergies and asthma.
The organic farming allows the revitalization of the rural population and returns to farmers the true dignity and respect that are due, the general public for his role as guardian of the landscape and agricultural ecosystems
The practice of farming, which does not use hazardous products or large amounts of nitrogen, which contaminate water of drinking water is a permanent guarantee of obtaining water in the days ahead.
Organic farming is a high school practice of Environmental Education. It presents a model of sustainable development in rural areas, promising indeed for all young people who, one day, the decision-making responsibility in society.
Producers agrobiological follow a rigorous schedule of rules, controlled by the certifying bodies along internationally recognized today, the governments of many countries.
Thanks to the human dimension that take these farms, the environmental practices and management of local resources. producers agrobiological create opportunities for jobs and permanent worth. "
IIRHE - Jean-Claude Rodet